Evolving technologies are rapidly transforming transportation and land use in rural and urban settings, posing a dilemma for public agencies that make decisions about transportation and land use. Telecommuting, ridesharing, shared-use vehicles, last-mile transit connectivity, and on-demand delivery and transportation services are changing where and how people live, work, and shop, and are making car ownership less necessary. Cities are rethinking how to use valuable curb space and changing how we park. 3-D printing, e-commerce, and drones are poised to shift industrial supply chains and warehouse space use, leading to changes in freight transportation patterns and demand for investment in intermodal transfer facilities.


Kittelson led a national research effort to develop an online guidebook to help transportation decision-makers better understand how transformational technologies can impact travel demand and land use. This guidebook is intended to aid decision-maker efforts to assess and better plan for likely impacts of transformational technologies on activity centers, land use patterns, and travel demand. Kittelson’s work included a literature review of what is known about these impacts and a one-day workshop with leading transportation decision-makers and industry experts to identify appropriate planning and policy actions that public agencies can take to promote the beneficial effects of transformational technologies and reduce potential adverse effects.

Smart Cities

Smart Cities

The Outcome

Helping Agencies Get Ahead of Evolving Technologies

The first national guidebook about the impacts of transformational technologies on land use and transportation was published in Fall 2019. Encompassing both rural and urban settings, “Foreseeing the Impact of Transformational Technologies on Land Use and Transportation” examines everything from connected and automated vehicles, to mobility as a service (MaaS), to micromobility, to the curbside disruptions of e-commerce and explores how agencies can respond despite the lack of definitive predictions. Hosted online, this nimble, flexible guide will be updatable as technological advances continue to transform the built environment.




National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Transportation Research Board, National Academy of Sciences